Key Publications Enabled by the ZEISS Xradia Series of 3D X-ray Microscopes

Metals and Alloys

New Mechanism of Channel Segregation in Solidifying Metals: Oxide-based Inclusion Flotation Drives Its Formation

LI Dianzhong, LI Yiyi, Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research

Nature Communications, 2014 5:5572

Keywords: channel segregation; density contrasts; inclusion flotation; inter-dendritic thermosolutal buoyancy; steels; oxide growth; nucleation; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Synopsis from IMR CAS

Superhydrophobicity-Mediated Electrochemical Reaction Along the Solid–Liquid–Gas Triphase Interface: Edge-Growth of Gold Architectures

Wu, Y. et al.

Advanced Materials 26, 1124-1128 (2014)

Keywords: superhydrophobicity; electrochemistry; micropillars; gold; flower growth; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Image analysis of cracks in the weld metal of a wet welded steel joint by three dimensional (3D) X-ray microtomography

Padilla, E. et al.

Materials Characterization 83, 139-144 (2013)

Keywords: X-ray tomography; Image analysis; Welding; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Microscopic role of carbon on MgB2 wire for critical current density comparable to NbTi

J.H. Kim, S. Oh, Y.U. Heo, S. Hata, H. Kumakura, et al.

NPG Asia Materials  4 (e3), (2012)

Keywords: superconductors

Application of X-ray microtomography to analysis of cavitation in AZ61 magnesium alloy during hot deformation

H.M.M.A. Rashed, J.D. Robsona, P.S. Bate, B. Davis

Mat. Sci. Eng. A-Struct.  528(6), 2610-2619 (2011)

Keywords: alloys, superplacticity, failure

Effects of grain size and boundary structure on the dynamic tensile response of copper

J. P. Escobedo, D. Dennis-Koller, E. K. Cerreta, B. M. Patterson, C. A. Bronkhorst, et al.

J. Appl. Phys.  110, 033513 (2011)

Keywords: metals, grain size, in situ mechanical testing

Highly conductive short chain carboxylic acid encapsulated silver nanoparticle based inks for direct write technology applications

K. Ankireddy, S. Vunnam, J. Kellara, W. Cross

J. Mater. Chem. C  1, 572-579 (2013)

Keywords: nanoparticles, inks

Energy Materials

In-situ quantification of solid oxide fuel cell electrode microstructure by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Y. Zhang, et al. 

J. Power Sources, 277, 1, 277–285 (2015)

Keywords: Distribution of relaxation time; X-ray computed tomography; Solid oxide fuel cell; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Analysis of Pt/C electrode performance in a flowing-electrolyte alkaline fuel cell

F.R. Brushett, M.S. Naughton, J.W. Nga, L. Yin, P.J.A. Kenis

Int J Hydrogen Energy  37(3), 2559-2570 (2012)

Keywords: alkaline fuel cell, electrode, microfluidic

Resolving the Three-Dimensional Microstructure of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Electrodes using Nanometer-Scale X-ray Computed Tomography

W.K. Epting, J. Gelb, S. Litster

Adv. Funct. Mater.  22, 555–560 (2012)

Keywords: PEMFC, electrode

Effects of an agglomerate size distribution on the PEFC agglomerate model

W.K. Epting, S. Litster

Int J Hydrogen Energy  37(10), 8505-8511 (2012)

Keywords: PEMFC

Simulation of diffusion-induced stress using reconstructed electrodes particle structures generated by micro/nano-CT

C. Lim, B. Yan, L. Yin, L. Zhu

Electrochim. Acta  75, 279-287 (2012)

Keywords: battery, lithium ion battery, diffusion-induced stress

Multi Length Scale Microstructural Investigations of a Commercially Available Li-Ion Battery Electrode

P. R. Shearing, N. P. Brandon, J. Gelb, R. Bradley, P. J. Withers, A. J. Marquis, S. Cooper, S. J. Harris

J. Electrochem. Soc.  159(7), A1023-A1027 (2012)

Keywords: battery, multi-scale

X-ray Tomographic Analysis of Porosity Distributions in Gas Diffusion Layers of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Odaya, S. et al.

Electrochemica Acta 152, 464-472 (2015)

Keywords: Proton exchange membrane fuel cell; Gas diffusion layer; X-ray computed Tomography; Porosity; Image analysis; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Polymers and Soft Materials


Gold-decorated polymer vessel structures as carriers of mRNA cap analogs

Kijewska, K. et al. 
Polymer 57, 77–87 (2015) 

Keywords: Polypyrrole; Polymer capsules; Computed tomography; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Non-destructive elemental quantification of polymer-embedded thin films using laboratory based X-ray techniques

Cordes, N. et al.

Spectrochimica Acta Part B 101, 320-329 (2014).

Keywords: Confocal micro-X-ray fluorescence; X-ray computed tomography; Embedded thin films; ZEISS Xradia Ultra

Multidimensional Vascularized Polymers using Degradable Sacrificial Templates

Gergely, RCR et al. 
Adv. Funct. Mater. (2014)

Keywords: biopolymers; microfluidics; sacrificial templates; vascular; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Numerical reconstruction of graphite/epoxy composite microstructure based on sub-micron resolution X-ray computed tomography

Czabaj, M., Riccio, M.

Composites Science and Technology 105, 174-182 (2014)

Keywords: high-resolution 3D imaging, fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP), segmentation algorithm, computed tomography, Pleiades supercomputer, ZEISS Xradia Versa

Measure of morphological and performance properties in polymeric silicone foams by X-ray tomography

B.M. Patterson, K. Henderson, Z. Smith

J. Mater. Sci.  48, 1986-1996 (2013)

Keywords: polymer, in situ, mechanical testing

The investigation of inner structural damage of UV and heat degraded polymer composites using X-ray micro CT

F. Awaja, M.T. Nguyen, S. Zhang, B. Arhatari

Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.  42(4), 408-418 (2011)

Keywords: non-destructive testing, carbon fiber composite

The study of intergranular corrosion in aircraft aluminium alloys using X-ray tomography

S.P. Knight, M. Salagaras, A.R. Trueman

Corros. Sci.  53(2), 727-734 (2011)

Keywords: alloys, corrosion, intergranular

Structural Materials

Three-dimensional X-ray micro-computed tomography of cracks in a furnace cycled air plasma sprayed thermal barrier coating

Ahmadiana, S. et al.

Scripta Materialia, Volume 97, 1 March 2015, Pages 13–16

Keywords: Thermal barrier coating (TBC);Air plasma sprayed (APS);3-D tomography;Image analysis; Cracking; Xradia Versa

Micro- and nano-X-ray computed-tomography: A step forward in the characterization of the pore network of a leached cement paste

Bossa, N. et al.

Cement and Concrete Research 67, 138-147 (2015).

Keywords: Porosity; Pore size distribution; Image analysis; Nano-CT; Micro-CT; multi-length scale; ZEISS Xradia Versa and Ultra

Characterization of steel corrosion in mortar by various electrochemical and physical techniques

Česen, A. et al.

Corrosion Science 75, 47-57 (2013)

Keywords: Steel reinforced concrete; Concrete; Electrochemical 

Characterisation of the pore-forming process in lightweight aggregate based on silica sludge by means of X-ray micro-tomography (micro-CT) and mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP)

Korat, L. et al.

Ceramics International 39, 6997-7005 (2013)

Keywords: B. Porosity; Lightweight aggregate; X-ray micro-tomography (micro-CT); Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP); concrete; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Microtomographic Analysis of Impact Damage in FRP Composite Laminates: A Comparative Study

M. Alemi-Ardakani, A. S. Milani, S. Yannacopoulos, et al.

Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2013, Article ID 521860, 10 pages, 2013.

Keywords: Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP), mechanical properties, thermoplastic laminates, nondestructive tomographic analysis, Xradia Versa

Investigation of interfacial properties of atmospheric plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings with four-point bending and computed tomography technique

Y. Zhao, A. Shinmi, X. Zhao, P.J. Withers, S. Van Boxel, et al.

Surf. Coat. Tech.  206(23), 4922-4929 (2012)

Keywords: thermal barrier coatings, mechanical testing

Computational investigation on mass diffusivity in Portland cement paste based on X-ray computed microtomography (μCT) image

M. Zhang, Y. He, G. Ye, D.A. Lange, K. van Breugel

Constr. Build. Mater.  27, 472-481 (2012)

Keywords: cement paste, transport, percolation

Materials for Industry

Thermally insulating and fire-retardant lightweight anisotropic foams based on nanocellulose and graphene oxide

Wicklein, B. et al.

Nature Nanotechnology (2014)

Keywords: thermally insulating materials, building materials, freeze-casting, cellulose nanofibres, graphene oxide, sepiolite nanorods, super-insulating, ultralight, combustion resistance, thermal conductivity, ZEISS Xradia Versa

Digital evaluation and replication of period wind instruments: the role of micro-computed tomography and additive manufacturing 

Howe, R. et al.

Early Music (2014) 42 (4): 529-536

Keywords: micro-computed tomography; additive manufacture; measurement; recorder; mouthpieces; cor anglais; 3D printing; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Laboratory study on the influence of casting on properties of ultra-high performance fibre reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) specimens

Zofka, A. et al.

Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 20(3), 380–388 (2014)

Keywords: ultra-high performance fibre reinforced concrete (UHPC), fracture properties, fibre orientation,X-ray computer tomography (X-ray CT), ZEISS Xradia Versa

Morphological analysis of high-impact polypropylene using X-ray microCT and AFM

Smolná, K. et al.

European Polymer Journal 49, 3966-3976 (2013)

Keywords: High-impact polypropylene particles; AFM; Micro-tomography; Heterophase morphology; ZEISS Xradia Versa

Effect of cavities and cracks on diffusivity in coated catalyst layer

Vladimír Nováka, et al.

Catalysis Today, Volume 216, 1 November 2013, Pages 142–149, SI: ICOSCAR-4

Keywords: X-ray microtomography; Diffusion; Porous catalyst; Coating; 3D digital reconstruction; Exhaust gas aftertreatment. ZEISS Xradia Versa.

Quantifying the effect of porosity on the evolution of deformation and damage in Sn-based solder joints by X-ray microtomography and microstructure-based finite element modeling

E. Padilla, et al

Acta Materialia, Volume 60, Issue 9, May 2012, Pages 4017–4026


3-D materials science; Pb-free solder; Porosity; Finite element method; Xradia Versa.